Coir can be used for many things including:
1. Growing vegetable plants and young foliage.
2. As substrate for potted plants and tree seedlings
5. Mushroom production
6. Soil amendment
7. Co-substrates for compost
8. Worm castings
9. Reptile bedding ...and more
Made from a renewable resource (coconut "coir" or husk fiber).
coir lasts 3 times longer than peat, has superior disease resistance,
nutrient storage and water retention (it holds 8—9 times its weight in
pH range is 5.7—6.8. Acceptable pH & EC.
Organic and biodegradable, it has been extensively tested as a plant growth medium.
Used in greenhouse and bedding plant production, on golf courses, in landscaping and erosion control.
Bales are compressed 1:5 and expand to a fluffy, dark brown, great-smelling "peat" when warm water is added.
Promotes strong root growth and plant vigor.
Absorbs water readily and re-wets easily, thus reducing the need for wetting agents.
Reduces watering frequency without plant stress, thereby reducing labor costs and minimizing plant loss.
Increases shelf life of plants.
Slow breakdown of material means product will not shrink during your growing cycle.
High water holding capacity while still maintaining excellent drainage and aeration.
Excellent wet ability, superior to peat.
Ability to retain nutrients against leaching and to buffer supply.
Retains physical properties longer and light weight.
No pests, weeds, or diseases.
Odorless and pleasant to handle.
Natural and renewable resource with uniform composition.
* Brick will expand 5 to 7 times
What is Coir?
is the pith element of the Coconut Husk (Shell). It is the waste
product of the husking process during which the long fibers are
extracted for use as rope fiber, mattress fiber, cushion fill material,
and as an environmentally safe growing.
Eco Friendly Coconut Coir
Coir is the 'coir fiber pith' or 'coir dust' produced as a bi-product
when coconut husks are processed for the extraction of the long fibers
from the husk. Coconut Coir is the binding material that comes from the
fiber fraction of the coconut husk. A very Special Grade of coir dust is
washed, screened and graded before being processed into various Coconut
Coir products for Horticultural and Agricultural applications.
Coir is a multipurpose soil conditioner and growing medium. It is
consistent and uniform in texture. It is a completely homogenous
material composed of millions of capillary micro-sponges, which absorb
and hold up to eight times its own weight in water. The natural pH of
5.7 to 6.5, plus an unusually high Cation Exchange Capacity - and 27% of
Easily Available Water assures that coir will hold and release
nutrients in solution over extended periods without re-watering.
Best Alternative to Mined Peat Moss
Coir is a proven natural alternative to mined peat moss, therefore
using it helps slow down peat extraction from environmentally sensitive
swamps world wide. Used as a growing medium/potting medium Coconut Coir
outperforms most of the popular brands of Peat and Sphagnum Peat.
root growth is easy with Coconut Coir 100% natural organic coir.
Derived from the husk of the coconut, it is an excellent growing medium
for both commercial and home gardening applications. The Hydroponics and
Horticulture Industries have observed that plants grown with the aid of
coir develop larger roots, stems and blooms. This is because unlike
ordinary soil, which is usually compacted, Coconut Coir provides more
breathing space and aeration for plant roots, resulting in better growth
Coir can retain moisture up to nine times its own volume while
maintaining excellent air filled porosity, providing vital oxygen to the
roots and soil. It's fibrous and sponge-like structure is ideal for any
soil condition, whether breaking up the heaviest of clay soils or
retaining moisture in sandy soils. It is by far the most efficient and
economical way to rehabilitate degraded soils without the risk of
contamination. Coconut Coir has a naturally high lignin content which
encourages favorable micro-organisms around the root zone. Having a slow
degradation rate, it conditions the soil and promotes the development
of an optimum pH level. Coconut Coir has been universally accepted as an
excellent plant growth substrate as well as a soil additive
Coir is the future of growing mediums and will last three times as long
as Peat Moss and Sphagnum Moss. Coconut Coir is hydrophilic and will
re-wet easily without the use of chemical wetting agents and is capable
of holding and releasing nutrients
Applications of Coconut Coir
greenhouses, Golf course greens, Potting mixes, Cut flowers,
Propagating, Re-planting, Mushroom farming, Bonsai mixes, Turf farming,
Garden beds, Bedding medium for Earth worms, Vegetable gardens, Rose
cultivation and general garden uses.
Amazingly, it did not find a
home for commercial growing until the 1980's in Holland. Dutch lily and
rose growers discovered how good it promoted and supported root growth.
When used in hydroponics growing, it was found to be superior to peat
moss. Coconut Coir was better aerated and still held more water. Unlike
peat moss and bark composts, Coconut Coir did not break down or compact.
Containers that had been filled with Coir four years previous were
found to be at the same level and consistency.
Dutch rose growers
in the U.S. and Canada were next to find that this was the answer for
their new hydroponics support media. Due to the foreign competition, a
new method had been adopted to produce roses that were as large as those
being imported from Ecuador and Colombia. At first clay pebbles were
used, then following suggestions and observations from Europe, Coconut
Coir was introduced. Trials using 100% Coconut Coir soon showed that
this was the ideal media for the hydroponics growing method.
Why use coir as a growing medium?
is superior to peat moss in both chemical nutrient value and in
physical properties. Commercial growers in Europe and the Middle East
have established positive agronomic benefits of Coir use. Now,
commercial growers in North America have begun to see increases in gains
from using Coir.
In addition, unlike peat moss, the process of
obtaining Coir does not destroy natural ecosystems, thereby making Coir a
natural, renewable resource, and an environmentally friendly
alternative to peat moss.
Coconut Coir growing mediums are
dehydrated and compressed into a compact form for easy handling. With
the addition of water, Coir expands to an easy to work with growing
medium. The addition of water increases the volume 3 to 9 times,
depending on the packaging of products. This process results in a 100%
organic, biodegradable growing medium, making it a natural and safe
growth medium of choice for growers.
How Do I Expand My Coir?
only needs water to expand. Simply add the specified amount of water to
your Coir and let it stand to begin the expansion process. Breaking
apart the material with a shovel or stick will help to speed up the
process. If too much water is added, simply drain the excess water after
the Coir is expanded. For faster expansion use warm water.